Skopje is the capital of the R.N.Macedonia, the City that lies in the heart of the Balkan Peninsula, at the crossroad of important communications, a city with a 2000 year old tradition. Skopje is a modern city with a population of almost one million and presents Macedonia’s major political, economic, educational and cultural center.
It continues to be a focus for new residents, economic development, construction and refurbishment. The Skopje urban area extends across the Skopje valley for approximately 30 kilometers (18.75 mi) in width and comprises 10 municipalities.The city had changed its name four times throughout the centuries, being called Skupi (ancient period- 13 year B.C), Justinijana Prima (5th, 6th century), Skopje (7th century-Slavic influence, Berziti tribe) and Ushkup (14th century- Ottoman Empire). Excavations prove that the city had been inhabited since 3.500 B.C mainly because of its position along the River Vardar.The biggest city in Macedonia had a turbulent history and it belonged to the Roman Empire, the Tzar Samuil Kingdom, the Byzantine Empire, the Serbian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the Yugoslavian Republic. The Emperor Justinianus I (5th, 6th century) was born in Taoresium (the village Taor, 20 km from Skopje). Skopje also is a very attractive tourist destination with its fortress, cultural and historical monuments, archaeological sites, caves in the canyon of the River Treska and Lake Matka and a health spa in the eastern part of the city.Skopje is steadily becoming a vital regional route for international flight operators. The town with the beautiful quay of the Macedonian river “Vardar”, the narrow streets in the Old Bazaar, which is the biggest bazaar preserved in the Balkans today, the town is internationally well-known for being the birthplace of Mother Teresa. He has blossomed into a thriving, stimulating city to explore, defining itself as an exciting tourist destination with the 1500 years old fortresses Kale and monastery St. Pantelejmon with the fresco ”Lamentation of Christ”, with the first signs of the Renaissance, the Islamic monuments Sultan Murat’s- Hjunkar Mosque, the Daut Pasha’s bath.